Extruding Machines for Plastics, Single Screw
TST extrusion Extruders for your process with throughputs up to 2,500kg/hour.
Whether you are producing pipe, profile, film, wire and cable, sheet, fibre or compounding, there is a TST extrusion Extruder, and a team of experts to supply you the equipment, so you can produce quality product at the rate you need to remain competitive. Each process is unique and the significant common denominator is the TST extrusion Extruder.
TST extrusion’s fabricated Extruder base provides substantial rigidity that accurately maintains the axial alignment of the screw to the gearbox. An adjustable barrel support provides precise alignment and compensates for barrel expansion and contraction while in operation.
Where do you want your Extruder? Will you need to move it? From mono to co-extrusion we customise every base to your requirements from an infinite selection of centre line heights with manual or mechanical height adjustment available. You also choose whether you want the Extruder stationary with levelling screws and bolt down holes incorporated or mobile with castors or vee wheels. We engineer to suit your specific requirements and factory layout.
The heart and soul of the machine determining its plasticising capabilities. TST extrusion depends upon the superior design and manufacture of the screws we make as that of our Extruders. We have over 70 years experience in manufacturing and repairing screws from the entire spectrum of plastics processing equipment.
We have established our name, which is synonymous with quality, as well as an invaluable database of reference material. TST extrusion provides conventional screw design tailored to your output and quality requirements, covering the full range of thermoplastics from Vinyls to Elastomers.
However, today’s standards for Extruder output and extrudate quality are so advanced that no longer can one screw design be optimum for all materials and extrusion products. Each screw must be tailor made to suit the application for which it will be used. We continuously liaise with resin suppliers and screw design modellers to keep us at the forefront of screw technology � far and ahead of our competition.
TST extrusion provides the best screw for your product individually designed to obtain the proper balance between high output and quality homogeneous melts. The best screw may even be one of the TST extrusion’s designed special application screws such as maddock mixing screws, 2-stage screws for vented barrels or even our barrier screws.
TST extrusion are consistently on the leading edge with High Performance Plastic Extrusion Screw Designs to maximize machine efficiency and product quality.
Barrel Heating and Cooling
TST extrusion Extruders are equipped with finned, ceramic band heating elements that maintain intimate contact with the barrel at all temperatures. This ensures that a uniform temperature profile is maintained, which prevents thermal distortion of the barrel. Each element is air-cooled individually by ducted blower fans giving rapid airflow and good heat dissipation ensuring precise temperature control. Copper-finned elements increase the area for heat removal, and therefore are extremely responsive. The more traditional cast aluminium type heater elements are still used when water-cooling is better suited to your process or production needs.
Compatibility between the screw and barrel is crucial to wear resistance, product quality and machine output. XALOY bimetallic barrels provide a choice of alloys to suit your specific needs for resistance to abrasive and corrosive wear. TST extrusion Engineering is the Australasian Agent for XALOY USA, the industry benchmark. World-class quality from ISO 9001 registered facilities, improved structural backing steels and manufacturing techniques set XALOY barrels apart in consistency and reliability. We offer the full product range of XALOY barrels, which include these recognised types:
X-102 sets industry standard for general-purpose bimetallic barrels. Since its introduction in 1991, X-102 provides greater resistance to corrosion and abrasive wear when compared to generic substitutes from other suppliers X-102 is a chromium-modified boron-iron alloy.
X-800 gives exceptional wear resistance. For both abrasive wear and corrosion resistance X-800 leads the industry. X-800 is a composite of particles of tungsten carbide, one of the hardest materials known, uniformly dispersed in a matrix of corrosion-resistant nickel alloy. Micro hardness testing is used to test the wear resistance of X-800 because it is a composite. Conventional Rockwell testing, involving a ball indentation device, only measures the hardness of the matrix alloy. Micro hardness testing homes in on the tungsten carbide particles that provide X-800’s exceptional resistance to abrasive wear with readings of 1200 Knoop.
X-309 gives superior corrosion resistance. For the most severe corrosion environments X-309’s nickel-boron-chrome alloy, which has less than 1% iron is the best choice. This eliminates melt contamination caused by iron-based alloys.
Alternatively TST extrusion manufactures nitrided barrels, typically used on mild abrasive applications, and fully hardened and nitrided barrels, predominantly used for glass filled moulding applications.
Optional vent stacks on TST extrusion Extruders provide removal of volatiles through a vent opening in the barrel. Vacuum venting systems are available as an option.
This component consists of a single clamping bolt and Vee-clamp allowing quick screen changes. This proven design ensures safe clamping of the head to the barrel with a uniformly positive seal against high-pressure extrudate leakage. An over pressure rupture plug is fitted to the barrel as a safety precaution against excessive barrel pressure build-up. An optional 3-piece clamp provides support to heavy dies or adaptors as they are moved into position for clamping or out of position to allow screen pack change. The barrel termination can also be threaded for screen changer connection or simply flanged with tapped holes.
This essential component is designed for the free flow of pellets, beads or powder into the screw flights. We offer two types of feed designs; integral with the barrel or independently mounted. Both are available with smooth bore (conventional) or grooved feed (high pressure) liners depending on application.
The feed throat opening is machined directly into the Barrel with a water-cooling jacket fitted to prevent bridging. The independent feed design on larger Extruders is fabricated in cast steel with an integral water-cooling jacket. A separate replaceable liner is press fitted into the bore that can be replaced with minimal expense and downtime.
TST extrusion feed hoppers are constructed using powder-coated steel with sight glasses, dump chute and cut off slide standard with various sizes to suit the Extruder and application.
Gearbox and Thrust Assembly
This highly critical component is designed, built and tested for durability and reliability throughout a long service life. The precision-machined system reduces motor RPM to a suitable screw speed, provides a drive for the screw that is concentric to the barrel bore length and absorbs the heavy thrust developed by the polymer melt pressure.
Heavy-duty, double reduction helical gears are used, manufactured from 18 Ni CR Mo 5 casehardened steel. The low speed gear shaft receives the screw-shank that is driven by a single key way. The spherical roller-type main thrust bearing is mounted against a large flange for maximum load capacity.
For gearboxes with a lower thermal dissipation than the applied mechanical power, an internal water-cooled coil is provided and a simple connection to a water supply is required.
Main Drive Motor
DC motors with tacho generator feedback are standard and most popular on TST extrusion Extruders. AC motors (open loop) are also available as well as AC motors with an encoder fitted (closed loop) which provide unmatched speed holding capabilities. The motor can be mounted on either side of the Extruder or tucked under to suit the gear case, providing flexibility for your operation. Belt drive transmission is always used on smaller machines however when the drive power exceeds 340kW, direct drive is standard.
You cannot produce a precision product without precise temperature control. Product variation results in wasted material and production. All electrical systems are designed by TST extrusion Engineers who specify only the highest quality components meeting rigid specifications. The easy to read operator interface displays controls and instrumentation for all zones, temperatures, alarms and deviations. Your choice of mounting the pre-wired cabinet on the machine base or a freestanding cabinet wired to an on-site junction box. The junction box is fitted by TST extrusion and is pre-wired to the Extruder.
With the emphasis on health and safety all our Extruders are fully guarded for operator protection from heat, electrical and mechanical equipment. Appropriate warning labels are displayed where necessary.